1. What is a genocide?
A genocide is defined by an act that is meant to exterminate many or all of a race, nationality, ethnical, or religious group by killing, injuring, causing mental damage, or stopping the births of a group of people.

2. Summaries
Darfur, a country in Sudan, has one of the worst Genocide in the World of today. It started as two rebel groups began a rebellion. Sudanese authorities saw that as a threat so the government fearing that other groups that were neglected would rise up and rebel for more freedom. The government made a law that all African tribal people of Darfur, need to be exterminated. An Arab armed military employed by the government of Darfur called Janjaweed was employed to kill all the Africans in Darfur. They kill all civilians, burn down houses, destroy crops and livestock, have mass executions, target vital infrastructure, and commit wide-scale rape. Reports from the region tell of all the brutal acts like men being chained together and thrown into burning huts, women being raped in front of their loved ones, children being kidnapped from their families.
Over 400,000 Africans have died in Darfur and because of the Sudan Genocide campaign more than 2.5 million (2,500,000) have been displaced from their homes.
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Cambodia was under French rule for almost 100 years until 1953 when it gained independence. In the 1960's, a civil war broke out when Prince Sihanouk and his guerilla communist followers (the Khmer Rouge, led by Pol Pot) attacked Lon Nol's army. Nol was the leader of the new right-wing government. Pol Pot went to college with a scholarship as a young adult, but, when he failed to do his work and show up for class, his scholarship was taken away and he returned to Cambodia. He joined an underground communist movement and later became the leader of the Cambodian Communist Party. Nearly two million Cambodians were killed durring the civil war. The Khmer Rouge banned schools, hospitals, and other necessary institutions from Cambodia. The Rouge used almost any excuse to kill men, women, children, babies, and the elderly. They made the citizens pledge alligiance to Angka, the Rouge's government. It was designed to keep the citizens "off balance" and always afraid of the leaders. Although the United Nations stopped the madness, Cambodia today is still healing economically, physically and mentally.

The Democratic Republic of Congo is no stranger to violence. Directly following its independence, there was a mutiny within its army and one of its provinces, Katanga, tried to secede. Not too long after that Patrice Lumumba, the prime minister, was murdered. The same person who killed the prime minister then took over and changed the country's name to Zaire. His name was Mobutu, and he made Zaire a very corrupt place. However, when it was invaded by Rwanda, a group rebelled against Mobutu, and they took the power away from him. The new president was a man named Kabila and he named the country DR Congo. Still there was no peace and soon another rebellion started and a war broke out. There was a lot of fighting. Even now the situation is not much better. In 2005 it was recorded that each day 1,000 citizens of DR Congo were meeting their deaths in some kind of way due to the war.

3. Organizations
World Vision is an organization that fights injustice by attempting to end poverty. At the first sight of a disaster they move in and help out the people in need. They try hard to make better lives for families in almost one hundred countries.

4. What are the root causes of this kind of oppression?
This oppression happens when a group of people finds themselves to be superior to another group. They believe that the other group does not deserve the same treatment and therefore the other group is mistreated and persecuted.

5. What is our responsibility as 10th graders at Conestoga Valley?
As 10th graders it's a little difficult to make much of a difference. What we have to do it simply be aware of what's happening. We need to know what's going on in the world and recognize that there is a such thing as persecution out there. We can't pretend that it doesn't exist.

6. How can you fight this kind of oppression?

We can fight this by making sure that we ourselves are not guilty of persecution. In school it's easy to get caught up in the peer pressure and bully others. We need to try not to do put others down, and we need to educate ourselves about what's happening around the world with the more serious cases of persecution.